Civil engineering is a professional engineering discipline which deals with the design, construction and maintenance of the physical and naturally built environment. It provides knowledge and skills to plan, analyse, design, estimate and execute projects using appropriate scientific, mathematical and engineering principles and concepts. The field is further broken into several sub-disciplines including water resources engineering, environmental pollution control, urban transportation planning, traffic engineering and pavement design, geotechnical engineering, advance structural mechanics, pre-stressed concrete and computer applications in structural engineering.
Civil engineers are engaged in building highways, mighty power plants, dams, airports,coastal development, waste management and industrial plants. Apart from this, they are also involved in building an unending array of urban structures such as commercial complexes, skyscrapers, tunnels, bridges, roads, urban rapid transport systems, sports stadium and much more.